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Pollution and Waste Management

Managing pollution and hazardous waste is one of the key goals of the Ministry of Municipality and Environment . The ministry monitors solid waste and greenhouse gas emissions among heavy industry. Corporate supervisory bodies are required to regularly submit reports detailing the ongoing environmental impact of their operations. Corporations of all sizes face strict penalties for violating MOE regulations.

Importation of hazardous waste into Qatar is prohibited. MOE strictly regulates the storing and disposal of hazardous waste created in Qatar.

In 2001, the then Supreme Council of Environment and Natural Resources (now MOE) partnered with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization to create the Ozone Unit. The Ozone Unit is a US$500,000 initiative to support programs aimed at reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances, and encouraging the use of environmentally-friendly alternatives.

Environmental Initiatives

Some national environmental initiatives include:

  • Halul Island: This is a major storage and export terminal for Qatar’s oil and gas industries. A new incinerator for destroying waste has been installed, as has sophisticated air pollution monitors. A treatment plant is being built which will process wastewater to be reused for irrigation. These new initiatives will reduce waste on the island, which is home to over 800 workers, as well as animals such as gazelles and several species of migratory birds.
  • Mesaieed: In the industrial city of Mesaieed, a number of new projects are currently being developed. A waste treatment center is being constructed, as is a separate plant for the treatment of garbage and sewage. Additionally, the city will host stations for monitoring air and coastal water pollution which are being established in partnership with Qatar University.

International Treaties

Qatar is a signatory to the following international treaties:

  • 1985 Vienna Treaty for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
  • 1987 Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Sub-stances
  • 1989 Basel Convention for Controlling the Transportation of Toxic Wastes
  • 1992 International Convention for Climate Change
  • 1992 Convention for Biological Diversity
  • 1994 and the Convention for Combating Desertification

Environmental Statistics

Due to the importance of environmental statistics in achieving the development objectives, the Planning and Statistics Authority, in cooperation with the Ministry of Municipality and Environment, issues Qatar’s environmental statistics. This includes several points, including pollution.

Such statistics are regularly updated, and they are available on Planning and Statistics Authority  website.